Seeing fragile babies spitting up might be uneasy for most parents, especially for those new to parenthood. Some questions aroused about what is actually happening to babies that cause them to spit up, and about how parents are suggested to react toward this issue. Some parents also wonder whether or not spitting up dangerous to their young babies. Before seeking professional medical helps, a deeper glance on spitting up might be useful.
What is meant by spitting up and is it similar to vomiting?
Gastroesophageal reflux, or what we commonly refer as spitting up, is mostly undergone by babies aged 0 to 6 months. When babies reach the age of 1 year, spitting up will eventually stop. This is a condition when babies excess little amount of fed milk from their mouths. It can happen to babies both given breastfed milk and canned formula. New moms might get panicked and think their babies are vomiting. Despite its similarity, spitting up is different from vomiting. Babies usually excess not more than 10 ml of milk when spitting up, while they can excess more when vomiting. Spitting up also does not involve abdomen muscle contraction, while vomiting is caused by the contraction.
Why spit up happens to babies?
Spit up happens because of the deformity of upper abdomen muscles in young babies. In babies’ early ages, these muscles have not formed and functions perfectly. When babies simultaneously gulp some air while breastfed, they get the stomach full. When breastfeeding is not stopped right at the time, this stomach might be over filled. The upper abdomen muscles then push the milk back to babies’ mouth. This is when the spitting up happening.
What should be done to lower the chance of spitting up?
However, moms do not have to panic when their babies are spitting up after breastfeeding. The chance of spitting up can be lowered by choosing time to breastfeed babies wisely. Do not breastfeed when they are extremely hungry. Choose the time when your baby is not really hungry, because hungry babies will drink too fast, so that there will be bigger chance that they will gulp much air into the stomach. Give right interval between feeding times so that your babies will drink slower and thus, there will not be too much air trapped in their esophagus that will push the milk back to the mouth. In addition, when feeding babies either with breast milk or formula, be sure to give breaks during the process. When feeding bottled formula, give a break every 20-30 ml. When breastfeeding, give a break every 5-10 minutes, if your breasts produce simultaneous milk. When breastfeeding, moms also need to make sure that their babies are laid in a proper position. Right position will give firm grip to the nipple, so that baby will not gulp too much air while fed. Another tip is to loosen baby’s diaper during breastfeeding. Too tight diaper or clothes will press the stomach and chest, and give the possibility of spitting up higher. Lastly, when giving breaks during breastfeeding, moms can sit the baby upright and pat their back gently to let the trapped air out through the mouth. By doing this, there will be less air trapped in babies stomach, so that spitting up can be avoided.
Is it dangerous when babies spitting up after breastfed?
Spitting up is considered normal to young babies. However, there are some things need to be paid attention to. Spit up is normal and not harmful if there is no blood seen in the excess. It should be only milk prior drank by your babies, without any mucus or other liquid. The liquid spit up should not more than more or less 10 ml and do not choke the babies. Spit up normally happens during or after breastfeeding once or twice a day. It should not affect babies’ weight. As spit up should happen once or twice a day, more frequent issue should be counted into account. Parents should seek medical assistance if this happens, especially when it turns the baby blue, or makes the baby excess much liquid, as this might be a symptom of another medical issue.